Jest is a javascript testing framework which is used to easily write unit tests whereas Nightwatch.js is an integrated test framework for performing automated end-to-end testing on web applications and websites, across all major browsers.

So to specifically use Jest and Nightwatch functionalities simultaneously, Nightwatch has introduced a new dependency jest-environment-nightwatch.



The Nightwatch browser API object. Unavailable when autoStartSession is off.


The Jest environment used the Nightwatch programmatic API to create the Nightwatch instance and export the browser API.

Available properties/methods:

  • .element(<locator>) - use the Nightwatch .element() API to locate elements in the page;

  • .updateCapabilities({ capabilities }) - used when autoStartSession is off in order to update the capabilities at run-time;

  • .launchBrowser() - used when autoStartSession is off in order to start the session and open the browser;

  • .settings - the Nightwatch settings object;

  • .nightwatch_client - the Nightwatch (internal) instance.

Configuration with Example

Step 0: install Nightwatch

Follow the guide or watch the video to install Nightwatch from scratch.

Step 1: Install Jest

npm i jest --save-dev

And make sure you have included the following script in your package.json file in order to run jest tests.

 "scripts": {
   "test": "jest"

Step 2: Install and configure the jest-environment-nightwatch package

In order to use Nightwatch with Jest, you need to install the jest-environment-nightwatch. Install Jest and other dependencies needed for testing.

npm i jest-environment-nightwatch --save-dev

The Nightwatch Jest environment comes with default settings. But, if needed, you can tweak the Jest configuration:

  testEnvironment: 'jest-environment-nightwatch',
  testEnvironmentOptions: {
    // Nightwatch related options
    headless: true,
    browserName: 'chrome',
    baseUrl: '',
    verbose: false,  
    output: true,
    env: null, 
    parallel: false,
    devtools: false,
    debug: false,
    autoStartSession: true,
    persistGlobals: true,
    configFile: './nightwatch.conf.js',
    globals: {}, 
    webdriver: {},
    timeout: null,
    enableGlobalApis: false,
    alwaysAsync: true,
    desiredCapabilities: {},
    async setup(browser) {},
    async teardown(browser) {},
testMatch: [ "**/tests/*.[jt]s?(x)" ], }

You can set your test folders directory in testMatch.

Nightwatch options

The default behavior of Nightwatch can be modified by supplying any of the following configuration options. Below is a list of available options and their default values.

Name Type Description Default
headless Boolean Run Nightwatch in headless mode (available in Firefox, Chrome, Edge) true
browserName String Browser name to use; available options are: chrome, firefox, edge, safari none
baseUrl String The base url to use for the when using .navigateTo() with relative urls. When doing component testing it needs to be set to the url running the Vite dev server. http://localhost:3000
verbose Boolean Enable complete Nightwatch http logs. false
output Boolean Show Nightwatch output true
env String Nightwatch test environment to use, from nightwatch.conf.js. Learn more about test environments in the Nightwatch docs. none
parallel Boolean Set this to true when running tests in parallel false
devtools Boolean Chrome only: automatically open the chrome devtools false
debug Boolean Component testing only: pause the test execution after rendering the component false
autoStartSession Boolean Start the Nightwatch session automatically. If this is disabled, you'll need to call jestNightwatch.launchBrowser() in your tests. true
persistGlobals Boolean Persist the same globals object between runs or have a (deep) copy of it per each test. Learn more about test globals in the Nightwatch docs. true
configFile String The Nightwatch config file to use. A config file will be auto-generated by default, but this allows you to change that. Learn more about the Nightwatch config in the Nightwatch docs. ./nightwatch.conf.js
globals Object A list of globals to be used in Nightwatch. Globals are available on browser.globals. Learn more about the Nightwatch test globals in the Nightwatch docs. none
webdriver Object A list of Webdriver related settings to configure the Nightwatch Webdriver service. Learn more about the Nightwatch webdriver settings in the Nightwatch docs. Nightwatch webdriver settings in the Nightwatch docs. none
timeout Number Set the global timeout for assertion retries before an assertion fails. 5000
enableGlobalApis Boolean The Nightwatch global APIs (element(), expect()) are disable by default. false
desiredCapabilities Object Define custom Selenium capabilities for the current session. Learn more about the specific browser driver that it is being used on the Nightwatch docs. none
setup() Function Additional setup hook to be executed after Nightwatch has been started. none
teardown() Function dditional teardown hook to be executed with the Nightwatch api object. none

Step 3: Run an example test

Consider the below example test :

describe('duckduckgo example', function() {
  it('Search Nightwatch.js and check results', function(browser) {
      .sendKeys('#search_form_input_homepage', ['Nightwatch.js'])
      .assert.textContains('.results--main', 'Nightwatch.js');

Note : Jest has different naming conventions for hooks so you should confirm that your tests are following this guide.*

Step 4: View the results of Jest test runner